Interview with Edward Breathitt

Dublin Core

Identifier

1977 OH 016

Date

3/15/1977

Description

Mr. Edward Breathitt is a native Kentucky born in 1924. He served as a member of Kentucky House of Representatives from 1952-58 and as Personnel Commissioner from 1959-60. He then served on the Kentucky Public Service Commission from 1961-62. Mr. Breathitt then served as Governor of Kentucky from 1963-67. He has since served as Vice-President of the Southern Railway.

Rights

Contact Special Collections and Archives, Crabbe Library, Eastern Kentucky University for reproductions, rights and permission to publish.

Title

Interview with Edward Breathitt

Oral History Item Type Metadata

Interviewer

Ellis, William E.

Interviewee

Breathitt, Edward

Location

Washington, D.C.

Time Summary

0-6 Introduction
17-30 First recollections of Martin, Martin's candidacy for and election to Superintendent of Public Instruction, Martin's support of a sales tax for education
31-37 Martin's candidacy for Superintendent of Public Instruction
38-43 Should office of Superintendent of Public instruction be appointive?
43-54 Comparison of Martin with other Superintendents of Public Instruction; Martin's political qualities
54-63 Martin's involvement in development and implementation of Minimum Foundation Program
63-74 Relationship with Chandler concerning education in Kentucky
75-121 Reaction to Martin's involvement in Combs campaign of 1959; initiation of Combs gubernatorial organization of 1959 race
122-161 Importance of school vote as a political base in Kentucky; tax structure in Kentucky; underfinanced education system in Kentucky; political, taxpayer resentment after funding; Combs-Ford gubernatorial race in 1971 evidence of anti-educational feeling
161-191 Martin's effectiveness as a political campaign manager, relationship with Clements; political tactics of the campaign
191-209 Martin's further political ambitions- limited to presidency of Eastern; service as Commissioner of Finance; passage of sales tax, Martin's role
210-233 Relationship with Martin-Breathitt: Commissioner of Personnel, Martin: Commissioner of Finance
233-246 Martin's service as Commissioner of Finance; how experience and knowledge gained there aided him as President of Eastern
247-257 Martin's role in enactment of sales tax
258-275 Martin's role in truck controversy
276-284 Those who knew that Martin desired to become president of Eastern
300 Intimate relationship between politics and education in Kentucky; necessity for political expertise for any measure of success
300-327 Growing power of Council on Public Higher Education (CPHE) may reduce institutional competition; Education creativity of Martin; law enforcement program
328-363 Reaction of others to Martin's election as President of Eastern; necessity of political awareness on part of university presidents
363-384 Relationship with Martin from 1960-1963; contacts with Martin prior to Breathitt's gubernatorial campaign in 1963
384-426 Strong competition between state educational institutions; competition intensified between 1964 and 1966 as available revenue declined
426-502 Telephone interruption
503-530 Competition between regional universities and UK
531-581 Martin's role in helping regional institutions achieve university status; attitude of UK; Breathitt's reasons for supporting university status for institutions; role to be played by CPHE
581-605 Contributions of EKU to state and region; continued efforts by Martin in improving quality of university's services
606-628 Reasons for realigning membership of CPHE
629-645 Competition between higher education and public education; Gubernatorial primary race between Ford and Combs
645-676 Martin's role in integration of public education
677-695 Martin's expertise in fiscal management
695-727 Impressions of Eastern in mid-sixties
727-772 Governor's role in appointment of regents; relationship with Martin in selection of regents
773-817 Relationship with Martin while Breathitt was Governor
817 End of reel 1
7-32 Breathitt's relationship with other university presidents; Doran, Thompson, Woods, Oswald
33-60 Martin's relationship with other Kentucky governors; Combs, Johnson, Chandler, Waterfield, Clements, Nunn, Ford
60-71 Martin's relationship with the press
71-83 Martin's political philosophy; progressive, committed to public education
84-102 Characterization of Martin's personality
102-130 Assessment of Martin's strengths and weaknesses as an educational administrator
130-140 Martin's main contribution to Kentucky education: saw the need for a strongly suppored comprehensive educational system in Kentucky; innovative policies that he introduced
140-147 Breathitt's reaction to Martin's candidacy for state senate
147-159 Final comments

Restrictions

no

Collection

Citation

“Interview with Edward Breathitt,” William H. Berge Oral History Center, accessed May 21, 2018, https://oralhistory.eku.edu/items/show/613.

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